Environment Condition in March, 2020


# 5

According to the researches, the water level in the Goryn River (above the Baltic Sea level) fluctuated within a month from 192.56 m to 192.53 m in April 2020 (the minimum value is 192.49 m; the maximum value is 192.57 m; the average is 192.54 m).

In April 2020, the temperature of water in the Goryn River varied from 6.8°С to 14.2°С during the month (minimum value is 6.6; maximum value is 14.2; average is 10.2):

In April 2020, the water flow in the Goryn River changed from 5.46 to 4.92 m3/s during the month  (the minimum value was 4.20 the maximum value was 5.64; the average was 5.03):

Note: The calculation  of the flow rate in the Goryn River includes the coefficient taking into account the presence of algae (the calculation is performed according to the appropriate method).

The total flow of the Goryn River amounted to 13.0 million m3 in April 2020 (April 2019 - 15.1 million m3) .

The water level of the reservoir-cooler (at the design level of 203.0 m above the Baltic Sea level)  varied from 201.81 to 201.70 meters during the month in April 2020 (the minimum value is 201.70, the maximum value is 201.81, the average - 201.77):

The mirror area of the cooling pond was 17.726 km2, the volume of water was 94,300 million m3 at the end of the month.

In April 2020, the temperature of the water in the cooling pond varied from 8.8°C to 18.3°C during the month (minimum value is 8.8, maximum value is 18.3, average - 13.8):

The chemical analysis data of water quality in the reservoir-cooler (the pump station of auxiliary water) and in the Goryn River (near the Old Mill, Netishyn) were as follows in April:

Cooling pond
Goryn River
Solidity general, mg-equv/dm3
4.75.9 -
Calcium (Са2+), mg/dm3
62.1290.18 180
Magnesium (Mg2+), mg/dm3
19.4417.01 40
Sodium (Na+), mg/dm3
 Potassium (K+), mg/dm3
11.86.8 50
 Bicarbonates (HCO3-), mg/dm3
305.0 -
Carbonates (CO32-), mg/dm3
6.0 1.5 -
Dry residues, mg/dm3
377 1000
 Sulfates (SO42-), mg/dm3
135.762.4 100
Ammonium, (NH4+), mg/dm3
0.280.30 0,5
Nitrates (NO3-), mg/dm3
1.803.46 40
Nitrites (NO2-), mg/dm3
0.041 0,08
Phosphates (PO43-), mg/dm3
Oil products, mg/dm3
0.0210.030 0,05
Synthetic surfactants, mg/dm3
0.0300.027 0,1
Iron, mg/dm3
< 0.10
< 0.10 0,1
Permanganate oxidability, mgО/dm3
7.52 2.88 -
Dissolved oxide (O2), mg/dm310.8611.58 >4

Notes: Standard MAC (maximum allowable concentration) is applied for water objects of industrial fishing (the Goryn River pertains to them) - «Rules of superficial water protection».

According to the data of chemical analysis results mentioned above, the water quality of the reservoir-cooler in April was better than the water quality in the Goryn River regarding some coefficients.

The main water balance components of Khmelnitsky NPP cooling pond are listed in the table below:

April 2020
April 2019
 - Outflows from the Hnylyi Rih River, mln. m3
 0.468 0.607
 - Horyn River water pumped to KhhNPP cooling pond by the makeup water pumping station, mln. m3
 - Return water from the drainage line to KhhNPP cooling pond pumped by the leakage water pumping station, mln. m3
 1.346 1.492
 - Treated effluent water, mln. m3 0.3110.305
 - Return water to the Viliia River (Horyn River basin), mln.m3N/AN/A

Over April, emission of pollutants into the atmosphere was in compliance with the limits established for stationary pollution sources. Thus, the pollutant emission standards were not exceeded. The generalized information on pollutants emission is given below in the table.

 Emission April 2020
April 2019
Pollutants (without СО2), t
СО2, t3.286

According to the data of ambient air composition research, the month maximum one-time concentration of oxide sulfur at the border of the protected sanitary area of KhNPP (in Neteshin) was <0.05 mg/m3 (<10.0 % from MAC), the maximum one-time concentration of oxide nitrogen was <0.020 mg/m3 (<10.0 % from MAC) in April.

Total precipitation was 6.0 mm during April. Based on the research of precipitation composition, pH value was 6.80 units.

The average month air temperature was «+8.5°С» (the maximum daily temperature was «+15.8°С», the minimum daily temperature was «+0.7°С»).